Applied 1 Lifecare Kidneys and Urinary System

Gapfill exercise

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   blood      Bowman's      glomerulus      renal artery      renal vein      urine      wastes      water   
The kidneys filter the blood. Kidneys have three main functions.
1. Regulate (control) the amount of in the body
2. Remove from blood
3. Keep the chemistry of the blood in balance

Blood at high pressure enters the kidney through the . It enters a knot of capillaries called the . The glomerulus is inside a cup-shaped part called capsule. In here, blood is filtered. Further down the kidney tubule, some water, all the glucose, amino acids, vitamins and minerals are reabsorbed into the . This leaves in the tubule. Blood at low pressure passes to the .

A dehydrated person has less in their body.