Applied 1 Lifecare Female Reproductive System and Pregnancy

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   bigger      cells      dilates      drugs      embryo      Fertilisation      fertilised      fluids      grease      hair      hormones      lubrication      menstrual      milk      muscle      nucleus      nutrients      ova      ovary      placenta      push      tender      umbilical      urinate   
Ovaries - these contain developing eggs or . One ova is produced every month.
Womb - this is a muscular organ where the ovum develops into a baby. Part of the lining is shed each month in the cycle.
Cervix - this is a ring of at the lower end of the womb. It allows sperm, menstrual blood and the baby to pass through. During childbirth it (widens).
Fallopian tubes - these funnel-ended tubes take the egg when it has been released from the .
Vagina - this passage leads up to the womb. It's lining secretes mucus for . The outer walls separate to widen the passage in childbirth.

1. ovulation
2. the ovum moves along the Fallopian tube
3. - a sprem reaches the egg. It's fuses with the egg nucleus.
4. The embryo (first 8 weeks) starts as a ball of which keeps dividing.
5. Implantation (after 10 days) - the is embedded in the lining of the womb.

First timester (0-3 months)
The foetus' toes and fingers may be joined by webs of skin. Fingernails grow. It is recognisable as a human being. The mother's breasts become and larger. Morning sickness may occur. The mother starts to gain weight.

Second trimester (3-6 months)
The foetus grows quickly and moves more. Fine covers its body. External genital organs can be seen. The mother's heart rate increases and the uterus gets . From about 20 weeks the mother can feel the baby move.

Third trimester (6-9 months)
The foetus is more mature. The body is covered in a thick which stops the skin from getting waterlogged. After about week 28 it would just be able to survive if born prematurely. The mother's skin stretches over her abdomen. She might feel slight contraction of the uterus as birth approaches. The uterus might press on the bladder, making the mother need to more frequently.

In the early stages the embryo gets the nutrients and oxygen from the in the uterus. Later on it is joined to the mother by the cord and placenta. In the placenta, oxygen and are exchanged between the mother's blood and that of the baby. The placenta also produces female which stop more ova from developing and ensure that the uterus develops at the same rate as the baby. The hormones also make sure that the breasts are ready to produce after the baby is born.

After about 40 weeks the baby is ready to be born.
Contractions of the uterus force the baby's head down to the cervix. The cervix and the mucus plug is discharged. Amniotic fluid might escape - the waters break.
As contractions get stronger the mother feels a strong urge to until the baby is born.
Further contractions push the and umbilical cord out of the mother's body.
Some mothers have little pain in childbirth, others control it with natural methods or .